Bwindi impenetrable forest is a typical tropical rain forest with an annual mean temperature range of a minimum of 7–15°C to a maximum of 20–27°C. Its annual rainfall ranges from 1,400 to 1,900 millimeters. The heavy rains climax from March to April and from September to November. Bwindi forest plays a key role in regulating the outside area’s environment and climate.

For bird watchers, Bwindi is a true birder’s haven with about 360 bird species including 23 of the 24 endemic to the Albertine Rift and several endangered species, such as the African green broadbill. With a good birding guide, sighting daily totals of over 150 species is possible. The best location for birding in Bwindi is known as Mubwindi swamp however, birds can be seen anywhere.