Gorilla Conservation: The mountain Gorillas are one of the most successfully Conserved species which have increased to 370 individuals in the early 2000s. However of recent the gorillas have increased to 900 species inhabiting the area this happened in the recent census of 2018.
The park as four sectors including Ruhija, Rushaga ,Nkuringo and Buhoma. Each sector has their own family members, the silverback male is the leader of the group with a number of females and the off springs.
The park is a rain forest with thistles and nettles in the bamboo producing new shoots.
Gorillas start giving birth at the age of 9-12 years, the gestation period takes 9 months and the baby is weaned at the age of 3-4 years. When the males grow their pushed out of the family to create other Gorilla family at the age of 12years the males will develop the silverback ,when the silverback is old it defends its family.
Uganda conserves two populations including Virunga Volcanoes and Bwindi Impenetrable National park.
The borders of Uganda, DRC and Rwanda form Uganda portion of volcanoes.
Mountain Gorilla conservation and research activities in the Virunga, Volcanoes in DRC and Rwanda the conservation started in 1970s and 1980s.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in 1980s was discovered that the site was not only a habitat for the mountain Gorillas but was for many endemic and threatened species. Considering this information, this led to the designation of Bwindi as a park in 1991. Sometime back there was a census of 500 individuals in the Virunga Volcanoes and 140 in Bwindi this was during 1960. There was a habitat loss and hunting in the Virungas and this led to the decrease of the mountain Gorillas to 230.
However with the conservation support, the mountain Gorillas population increased to 230. The number current in Bwindi is 900, making a total of 1000 mountain Gorillas in the world.
There is a big support of the institute for Tropical Forest conservation there research institute is at the Mbarara University carrying out research on the mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National par, with the research there many things to learn about the ecologies of the mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National park and Virunga Volcanoes.
Mountain Gorillas in both Bwindi National park and Virunga volcanoes added on the support of the community conservation strategies trailing around Bwindi Forest to examine the changes of the local people and behaviors.
There is great improvement in behavior towards the Uganda wildlife Authority and other parks, with large investment of funding.
Conservation supports the local people as well especially for the Batwa who once lived in the forest, monitoring the wildlife population in Bwindi Impenetrable National park.