Bwindi Impenetrable National park & Volcanoes National park;
Bwindi Impenetrable National park is approximately 321km2 at 1,170m-2,807m above sea level. The park was gazetted in 1991 and it was declared as a UNESCO natural world Heritage site in 1994.
The park has four gorilla trekking sectors including Buhoma, Rushaga, Ruhija and Nkuringo and they all have gorilla habituated families, and one of the families, Mubare gorilla group was the only one first available or tourism in Uganda in 1993 it started as a research family.
Bwindi Impenetrable National park is located in the southwest part of Uganda in the edge of the rift valley. The park is a mist covered hillside with the oldest biologically diverse rainforest. It’s the oldest national park in Uganda for over 25,000 years, there over 400 species of plants.
The park inhabits over 480 mountain Gorillas which is roughly half of the world inhabitants in other three national parks, mgahinga national park in Uganda, volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga National park in Democratic Republic of Congo.
The park is a rich diverse home to over 130 mammals such as the chimpanzees, baboons, antelopes and 340 bird species in the forest such as 23 Albertine Rift endemics.
This ‘Bwindi impenetrable National park and Volcanoes National park’ article enlightens us that Volcanoes National park is located in the northwest part of Rwanda.
Volcanoes National Park is commonly known in French as ‘Parc National Des Volcans‘, and in Kinyarwanda, as ‘Pariki Y’igihugu Y’Ibirunga‘ which lies in Northwestern Rwanda, bordering Virunga National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo and Mgahinga National park in Uganda. The national park is a haven for the mountain Gorillas and golden monkeys and it’s a home to five mountains, that is Muhabura, Bisoke, Gahinga, Karisimbi and Sabyinyo.
The park is covered in a rainforest and bamboo forest of 160 km, is base for zoologist Dian Fossey. it was gazette in 1925 and bounded by Bisoke, Mikeno and Karisimbi, this was to protect the mountain Gorillas from poachers.
Virunga National park was the first to be created in Africain 1929, and the borders of the park extending into Rwanda into the Belgian Congo, to form the Albert National park a huge area of 8090km2.
Virunga National park was the base for Dian Fossey who carried out research on mountain Gorillas. The center was called the Karisoke Research centre which was between Visoke and Karisimbi. However after sometime she was murdered by unknown assailants at her home in 1985. She was buried in the park close to the research center close to the mountain Gorillas she protected.
Volcanoes National park, was a battlefield during the Rwandan Civil war, with the park headquarters which was attacked in 1992. Later on the center was abandoned and all the activities were stopped not until 1999 when the area is safe under the control of Rwanda Development Board. Vegetation is a lower montane Forest. The park is a home for the Mountain Gorillas including mammal species such as golden monkey, black duiker, buffaloes, spotted hyena, and bushbuck. There so many bushbucks that are estimated between 1760-7050 of them, elephants are as well spotted in the park even though sometimes they are rarely seen. The bird species include 180 species, 15 species and 17 subspecies of endemic to the Virunga Rwenzori mountains.